Are You Allowed to Convert Your Basement Into an Apartment?
The first thing you must check is if your municipality permits to conversion of a single-family home basement into a rental unit. Some municipal governments prohibit this practice, while those that do permit it, have set rules that must be adhered to. It’s therefore best to be certain you understand these rules before you decide to go ahead.
You must also make sure you comply with the National Building Code which, among other aspects, ensures for your future tenant’s safety.
An independent dwelling must have a kitchen, bathroom and, ideally, a laundry area (although it can be omitted if there is a laundromat in the neighbourhood). Renovations to integrate all these components into the basement can therefore be quite extensive and expensive.
If you don’t want to undertake such work, consider only renting out a room in the basement. The tenant will thus have their own bathroom on that floor but will have to use your kitchen. However, because they won’t have their own separate dwelling, their financial contribution will be smaller. It’s up to you to decide if you are comfortable with this scenario.
Draw Up the Plans and Obtain a Permit
To avoid spending money unnecessarily, hire an architect, technician, or engineer certified by the Régie du bâtiment du Québec. They will be able to draw up realistic plans to maximize the return on your investment.
In fact, these plans are often mandatory when applying for a permit from your municipality to carry out this type of work.